Stock Market Index – Basket of Shares

The term “basket of shares” refers to a specific group of shares.

One example of a basket of shares is the Dow Jones Industrial Index, which includes the shares of 30 industrial companies ranking among the largest industrial companies in the United States. Dow and Jones are the names of the people who drew up this basket.The Standard & Poor’s 500 (S&P 500) is an index that includes shares from the 500 largest publicly-traded companies in the United States. Standard & Poor’s is a financial service company that publishes many stock market indices including the S&P 500.

Calculating the Price of a Basket of Shares

The price of a basket at any given time is determined by the values of all the shares included in it.

For example, we will use the Dow Jones components table to monitor the changes in price of the Dow Jones basket of shares on August 15, 2008.

Explanation of Table 4.1

Column 1 lists some of the 30 companies whose shares are included in the Dow Jones.

Column 2 indicates the number of shared offered.

Column 3 is the share price on August 17, 2008 (The price refers to the share price in Dollars)

Column 4 is the market value of the companies. For example, the market value of 3M Co. (the first row) amounts to 73.16\$ billion (rounded off).

Column 5 – Every row in the column represents its relative share (weight) of the value of the basket, or, in other words, the percentage that each contributes of the basket.

Column 6 – The Stock symbol.

Table 4.1 -Some of the Dow Jones Components (date are rounded off)

 Company Name Number of Shares USD close Market Value (in USD billions) Weight PCT (%) Ticker 3M Co. 995,509,593 73.49 73.16 5.131 MMM Alcoa Inc. 813,266,268 31.81 25.87 2.222 AA American Express Co. 1,159,457,384 39.07 45.3 2.728 AXP American International Group Inc. 2,688,995,215 22.99 61.82 1.605 AIG AT&T Inc. 5,892,924,826 31.66 186.57 2.210 T Bank of America Corp. 4,560,260,586 30.7 140 2.143 BAC Boeing co. 740,263,770 64.45 47.71 4.500 BA Caterpillar Inc. 608,670,931 70.35 42.82 4.912 CAT Chevron Corp. 2,054,480,712 84.25 173.09 5.883 CVX Citigroup Inc. 5,444,743,935 18.55 101 1.295 C Coca-Cola Co. 2,311,478,387 55.06 127.27 3.844 KO E.I. DuPont de Nemours & Co. 906,564,551 45.7 41.43 3.191 DD Exxon Mobil Corp. 5,193,979,499 77.07 400.3 5.381 XOM General Electric Co. 9,947,986,577 29.8 296.45 2.080 GE General Motors Corp. 566,189,624 11.18 6.33 0.780 GM